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Atlantic Charter, Yalta Conference, and the Potsdam Conference
By: Ashley Elleman
One of the many peace conferences that happened durring World War II, was the Yalta conference. The Yalta Conference was held on February 4-11, 1945, and took place in the Crimea, connected to mainland. The Yalta Conference was for the three most powerful countries of the time; Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States. Three very important people were there, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Satin. At this conference they talked about top-secret information and the conference was kept top secret due to political and military reasons. The topics they discussed at the Yalta Conference were unknown until after the war. The plans discussed were kept secret because it held the plans of the main people in the war. Once the plans were released to the United States, Soviet Union and the United KIngdom the whole conference all made since.
The three issued the Yalta Agreement because it was the final defeat of Nazi Germany and the terms that would settle the war. The plan was to divide Germany into four zones of occupation with France being the fourth occupying power. The Soviet Union promised to the Conference that they would enter the war against Japan after Germany surrendered. TheYalta agreement was finalized in San Francisco where veto powers would be vested in the three big powers. They also signed the Pledge to help Europe in settling their political and economic problems. The Agreement was very long, but easy for anyone to understand.
The Yalta Agreement sates: (
)""The Defeat of Germany We have considered and determined the military plans of the three Allied powers for the final defeat of the common enemy. The military staffs of the three Allied Nations have met in daily meetings throughout the Conference. These meetings have been most satisfactory from every point of view and have resulted in closer coordination of the military effort of the three Allies than ever before. The fullest information has been interchanged. The timing, scope, and coordination of new and even more powerful blows to be launched by our armies and air forces into the heart of Germany from the East, West, North, and South have been fully agreed and planned in detail. Our combined military plans will be made known only as we execute them, but we believe that the very close working partnership among the three staffs attained at this Conference will result in shortening the war. Meetings of the three staffs will be continued in the future whenever the need arises. Nazi Germany is doomed. The German people will only make the cost of their defeat heavier to themselves by attempting to continue a hopeless resistance.""(
The Yalta conference took place in Russia. The reactions to the Yalta agreements were celebratory. The people were very happy with all their decisions. President Roosevelt with other citizens looked at the soviet wartime would carry over into the post war period. The bad part was that it only lasted a short time. Soon Harry Truman became the 33rd president. At the end, the soviets did make many more concessions.
Edited by: Raimar Pascua
Signed, Winston S. Churchill
Franklin D. Roosevelt
-this is not the full Yalta Agreement but is the main ideas.
In conclusion, the Yalta conference was a good idea because everyone was not confused about how the plans were going to happen and everything happened in a orderly fashion. The conference was a very successful because everything went the way it was supposed to.
The Potsdam Conference started on July 17, 1945. It started after World War II ended. The Big Three, Truman, Stalin, and Churchill were the only people in the conference. They all three met in Potsdam, Germany for the conference from July 17 through august 2 of 1945. The conference was to discuss the terms of arrangement after World War II. Stalin, Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed to meet the surrender of Germany to think of the postwar borders in Europe. Germany of course gave up May 8, 1945. The only issue at Potsdam was how to handle Germany. Truman and James Brynes were proud with the position they had cause they were trying to avoid the situation that started by the treaty of Versailles. During that time anyone that was involved with Germany in World War one got more pay.
There were many disagreements during the conference in Potsdam. Almost all the German military’s had to be gone. Anything that happened in the military was to be forbidden and was no longer available to be used. Poland has a huge part of Germany because of the conference. Since that there have been problems with people that lived in those areas. The Potsdam conference is best known cause of President Truman’s July 24, 1945 conversation with Stalin to inform the leaders about the first successful atomic bomb on that exact day. The situation made the agreements even more challenging. Let’s just say many people weren’t happy campers.
by: courtney zanine
my sources are:
Edited by: Imani A.
One result of the Potsdam Conference was a 26 July joint proclamation produced by the U.S., Great Britain, and China. This proclamation was known as the “Potsdam Declaration” which described Japan’s unsafe condition. It also gave the terms for her surrender and stated the Allies’ intentions concerning her postwar status. The final statement of conditions came to the conclusion that Japan must immediately agree to unconditionally surrender, or face “prompt and utter destruction”. This basically stated that Japan must surrender or face war. (
The Representatives at the conference also set up a Council of Foreign Ministers to create drafts of peace treaties and confirmed their intention to try Axis war criminals. The Potsdam Conference was considered successful but within a year, many agreements were abused. As a result of these abused agreements there was a growing rift between the USSR and Western Europe. (
The Atlantic Charter occurred on August 9-12, 1941. It was written while aboard the USS Augusta off the coast of Newfoundland. The president at the time Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill wrote the Atlantic Charter. It took them four days to write it. The Atlantic Charter was made up of eight principles. These principles were created to help prevent conflicts between others. To assure the rights a country in war and peace.
The eight principles for policies on war and peace were: "Renunciation of territorial aggression, opposition to territorial changes with out consent of the peoples concerned, support for the right people to choose their own government, access to raw materials for all nations, support of efforts to improve the economic condition of people through out the world, freedom from fear and want, freedom of the seas, and disarmament of aggressors."(
) Renunciation of territorial aggression is when no one is allowed on your territory. Opposition to territorial changes with out consent of the peoples concerned is not taking in consideration what others say about your territory and keeping it the same. Support for the right people to choose their own government is to support people to choose their own government. Access to raw materials for all nations is to allow all nations to have access to raw materials. Support of efforts to improve the economic condition of people through out the world is where you support all the effort from people that try to improve the economic condition of people through the world. Freedom from fear and want is where you can no longer fear and want what you wish. Freedom of the seas is where everyone has the freedom to explore the seas. Disarmament of aggressors is taking away all weapons from bad people.
Edited by Kyle Wirtz
The Atlantic charter was an agreement between the US and Great Britain. There were eight points to the charter. The first was that US and Great Britain agreed to not take land from WWII. Second, any land adjustments would be made with the saying of the affected people. Third, self-determination was a right of all of the people. Fourth, an effort would be made to lower trade barriers. Fifth, the advancement of social welfare and global economic corporations were important. Sixth, they would work to give freedom from fear.
Seventh, the importance of freedom of the seas was added. Last, they would work towards postwar disarmament and the disarment of aggressive nations Work Cited:
Below Picture: 8 Points of Atlantic Charter.
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