Artillery
Tyler Mendez
Artillery was used mainly to bomb the enemy so it would be easier to ambush the enemy to surprise them. There were different types of artillery like grenades, mortars, anti-aircraft artillery and many more. The USA, Britain, Russia, and Germany all used artillery. One example of rocket artillery In World War II was an M-13, 133mm caliber, the range of this gun was 8470m. (http://www.owensarchive.com/world-war-ii/tanks-artillery/cat_335.htm) Another rocket was the M-31, 300mm caliber, the range of this rocket was 4325m, and it was the second heaviest rocket. (http://www.owensarchive.com/wo
rld-war-ii/tanks-artillery/cat_335.html). The M-31UK accuracy was improved after it was built in 1944. Different mortars were used to help fight in World War 2. One type of mortar was the MT-13 (1943) which had 160mm caliber bullets for this particular mortar. The range of the M-31UK was 5100m in length. There were more deaths caused by artillery than guns and knifes in WW2. About 1.5 people died caused by artillery, .5 died by field guns and knifes. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II#Casualties_and_war_crimes).
Sources: [[http://www.owensarchive.com/world-war-ii/tanks-artillery/cat_335.html |www.owensarchive.com/world-war-ii/tanks-artillery/cat_335.html ]] www.koreanwar.org/html/units/140aaaw.htm


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The most celebrated gun in Normandy was the multi-purpose German 88-mm anti-aircraft/anti-tank gun. Although the other guns such as the British 17-pounder anti-tank (AT) gun compared well to the 88 developed a legendary status due to its versatility-it could also be used as a high-velocity field gun-and the fact that the Germans had large quantities available while Allied AT weapons of similar quality were relatively few in number.

The first 88s entered service in 1933 as the 88-mm Flak 18, an anti-aircraft (AA) gun. Early models had a single-tube barrel inside their jacket. Because AA guns wear out faster, later designs (the Flak 36 and 37) had a 3-piece barrel (chamber, centre, and muzzle). The advantages of this sort of design were that higher-quality steel could be used economically, in the chamber area where the gun was subject to the highest stress, and because the barrel wears out faster in the first section of the rifling, that part could be replaced while the rest of the gun continued in use. This newer design was put into production in 1936.


By Tyler Long