Aircraft carriers by Henry Acosta
Aircraft carriers are big ships that carry aircraft hence the name. An aircraft carrier would be named after a famous battle of a famous naval ship. Everyone who had an airplane soon realized that airplanes aren’t very fuel efficient. An airplane would only go about a couple hundred miles on one tank of gas. The new invention is the aircraft carriers. They could launch an airplane before the large ship is spotted. The United States of America had to use these aircraft carriers. They had to use the aircraft carriers because they manly fought in Europe and countries over there so we would send aircraft carriers most of the way so the airplanes can make it to there destination. This was a little difficult because we only had eight aircraft carriers before the war. The rest of them were made during the war.
Everyone who used aircraft carriers used basically the entire war, which was 1939-1945. The aircraft carriers where used by anyone who had an airplane they wanted to use during the war. Countries that didn’t have any airplanes had a disadvantage because most of the war was fought in the ocean or near a sea. The countries that didn’t have airplanes had disadvantages because the ships where slower than airplanes. Airplanes could also hold bombs and missals so they could get rid of the ships. Also you could see the other countries. The only bad thing is that the distance they can travel on one take of gas is so low. One good thing that an airplane can have is if the pilot is good at flying they can dodge missiles better that a ship can.

Sources:
By Nathaniel McCasland
Two important carrier involvements that stressed the importance of carriers in World War II following the attack of Pearl Harbor included the Doolittle raid and the battle of the Coral Sea. In an intrepid act of heroism Col. James "Jimmy" Doolittle lead a group of sixteen B-25 pilots on a daring raid of Japans' capital city; Toyko. Having steamed within 650 miles of mainland Japan, Doolittle and his "raiders" launched thier planes from the carrier Hornet. Doolittle's successful raid on Toyko provided the United States with a morale boost and stuck fear into the hearts of the Japanese. Having proved the importance as an offensive weapon the carriers would solidify thier offensive stance in the battle of the Coral Sea. This battle marked the first time in which agressors were unable to see each other. The era of air warfare upon the high seas had come of age.
http://www.worldwar-2.net/ - not a reliable source. http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/st/~magneson/ww2.html
http://ehistory.osu.edu/wwii/USNCV3.cfm



The Essex class- largest class of carriers ever built (26 were completed)

  • The Independence class - most were converted from light cruisers during construction (9 were completed)
For the first 18 months of the conflict, the U.S. had barely enough carriers to hold the line let alone project power in the Pacific. At one point in November 1942, only two carriers were operational in the Pacific (four carriers had been sunk.) At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941), three operational carriers were stationed in the Pacific: Enterprise, Lexington, and Saratoga. (Langley was also in the Pacific but in October 1936 it had been converted from an operational carrier to a seaplane tender.) The other four carriers were located in the Atlantic. Yorktown and Hornet were transferred to the Pacific in December 1941 and March 1942. Wasp entered the Pacific in June 1942. Ranger was dispatched to the Pacific after a overhaul in July 1944.